Business plan for cement production. Cement production today is a fairly profitable business. And even despite the fact that there is a high level of competition in this area, every beginner entrepreneur has the opportunity to create his own successful business.
Cement production today is a fairly profitable business. And even despite the fact that there is a high competition in this area, every start-up entrepreneur has the opportunity to create his own successful business. However, before purchasing equipment and starting production, you need to thoroughly think through all the details of the business plan, taking into account the specifics of your region, the real economic situation and the activity of direct competitors.
What is cement?
We all know that without this material construction is impossible. How to make cement For its creation, connect limestone, gypsum, clay, mineral additives and other components. There are different types of this material, as well as the technologies of its production. We offer to get acquainted with the main stages of opening such a business.
Cement production technology
The process of manufacturing this material consists of two main stages. The first of these is the production of clinker, which is a specific intermediate product in the form of mechanically mixed and heated to one and a half thousand degrees of granules of lime and clay (or other materials of this composition). The resulting clinker granules are the basis of any cement. The process of their production is very complex and the most expensive. The next step is the production of portland cement resulting from the crushing of clinker with gypsum or other additives.
The production of cement is complicated due to the fact that the mineralogical and chemical composition of raw materials (homogeneity, hardness, humidity) varies widely enough. Enterprises that produce this material on the basis of imported raw materials, know this not with a rumor.
Also, technical and natural varieties of raw materials that may be different, for example, humidity and purity, are taken into account. For each of them, the production of cement is carried out in a special way, which ensures uniform mixing and fine grinding of components, while employing the minimum possible amount of energy.
The conditions for extraction of raw materials, their storage and transportation, and also the human factor play a very important role.
Methods of cement production
There are three main options for creating this material:
1. Wet method: the grinding of raw materials and production takes place in water, resulting in the mixing of ingredients (or mixes) in the form of a suspension.
2. Dry method. The production technology does not require water, and the charge is a crushed powder, the components of which are dried before mixing.
3. Combination method based on one of the first two options. In this case a mixture reaches 20% moisture.
This item is the main item of expenses when opening a business. First of all, the equipment for the production of cement includes industrial crusher (if limestone is used as a raw material), or mixer mills, or, as they are called, boltans (if the material is made on the basis of clay). The cost of this equipment can reach 200 thousand rubles.
Also, for the production of cement need tube ball mills, which are mixed and finely crushed limestone or sludge from clay with various additives. This equipment will cost about 3.3 million rubles.
After the composition is corrected, the sludge is sent to a rotary oven, where it is converted into a hot clinker, which is then cooled down with an industrial refrigerator. The cost of this equipment is about 170 thousand rubles.
The cement production line includes additional equipment for packaging the finished product into bags and shipping it.
In general, the amount of equipment, as well as personnel, is directly dependent on the planned production volumes. Not only the role played by the financial capabilities of a businessman. The cost of purchasing the necessary equipment will total 2 million rubles. The amount is significant, but the data attachment will necessarily pay off in the course of work.
To create a workshop for the production of cement it is necessary to pick up the appropriate room. Its area should be not less than 500 square meters. meters, and the height of ceilings - not lower than four meters. The ideal option for the organization of the shop is its placement in close proximity to the clay or limestone quarry. In this case, the cost of raw materials will be minimal, and all your expenses will consist of the purchase of equipment, utilities and salaries for employees.
Payback period and demand of the enterprise for the production of cement
Despite the fact that in this area is quite high competitive activity, a profitable business on a cement to build is quite real today. As for the financial side of the issue, for the start of such a company will require an amount of at least 30-50 thousand dollars. This is due to the high cost of equipment. However, it is not necessary to be afraid of quite significant investments, since the invested funds will pay off already in 6-12 months of active work. After all, the modern construction market is developing at a rapid pace, which, accordingly, leads to the consumption of more building materials, including cement.
Cement manufacturing at home
Despite the fact that the process of producing this building material is quite complex and requires the availability of special equipment, there are people who manage to make it in artisan conditions. However, the way home-made cement is also quite costly and energy-intensive. On the other hand, at first it will have to spoil not more than a dozen pounds of raw materials until you learn how to make quality building material.
Keep in mind that for the manufacture of cement in handicraft conditions it is also possible to do without special equipment. It will require at least a mill and a high-temperature oven. We offer you one of the recipes for the preparation of cement in the home. This material is great for cementing slabs and stones. It can also be used on objects subject to regular fluctuations in temperature and water exposure.
So, for the preparation of cement, we take one part of the resin and melt it in a stable iron container. At the same time, in another capacity, melt one part of sulfur. After both components are melted, connect them. In a liquid mixture it is necessary to add two parts of sifted sand and three parts of a lead glee. After prolonged mixing of the finished material, it is necessary to settle down. This home cement should never be used on a wet surface. It is also desirable to pre-treat it with drying.
Prospects for cement business - the production of concrete fences
If you have successfully mastered the production of cement, then as a business extension you can go to the manufacture of concrete fences. These products are strong, beautiful, diverse, and from blocks it is possible to make fences of any length. Similarly, the fences cover the territory of both houses and cottages, as well as offices and industrial facilities. They look much more presentable than fences from grid-rabitsa, and they are cheaper than fences from forged metal rods.
The main advantage of this business is relative freedom in the market, as today a few enterprises are engaged in the manufacture of such fences. The main focus of your activity may be the production of custom-made fees. To make the product as closely as possible to the size, color and pattern of the facade of the building, pavement tile and general appearance of the site, it is desirable to hire a professional designer.
To start such a business it is necessary to purchase special equipment for the formation and the very form of various variations. As raw material you will need cement, crushed stone, river sand and additives that contribute to the quality of the product. And, be sure to keep in mind that the better the raw materials and equipment, the more presentable fences you will do. So it is not worth saving on these components.