Own business: selling herbs. Rich experience in the interaction of man with nature provided contemporaries with enormous luggage knowledge about plants that have healing properties.
Rich experience in the interaction of man with nature provided contemporaries with enormous luggage knowledge about plants that have healing properties.
Due to this, the directions of folk medicine were formed. Despite the fact that to date, more and more pharmaceuticals made on a chemical basis have been produced, the trust in them is not high among humans.
At the same time, interest in natural recipes, and hence herbs, which, when properly used, produce an excellent therapeutic effect increases. Naturally, medicinal herbs, which can grow in greenhouses, appeared in pharmacies, it is necessary that someone engaged in this.
At present, about one hundred and sixty names of medicinal plants that are allowed for use are known. That is why the sale of herbs with a good organization for many has become a source of income.
Business on the grass
Natural remedies are used for both internal and external applications. The first category includes infusions, decoctions, water-alcohol tinctures and extracts. In the second - herbal baths, wraps, lotions, compresses.
For both categories, medicinal plants are used as raw material. Therefore, in many pharmacies and at the corresponding points of sale with permission, the sale of medicinal herbs, among which there are special anti-asthmatic or diuretic, chest, as well as choleretic or soothing, and many other fees.
Such popularity is due not only to low cost and safety, but also the possibility of prolonged use of these agents in combination with other drugs.
Growing herbs as a business is profitable. Considerable income brings the processing of this natural raw material as a result of the small expenses required for equipment, as well as the constant demand for this type of product.
The full cycle of production of medicinal products consists of the following stages: growing the very raw material, its assembly, then drying and processing, further packaging and sale of medicinal herbs.
To grow it is better to organize a plantation. This will require the availability of land, as well as equipment. You need to buy seeds and fertilizers. Such production as a business form has many advantages: firstly, it is possible to receive regulated volumes of plants, in addition, raw materials are always available.
However, for beginners, it's better at the first stage to just buy raw materials from special collectors, then expose them to further processing and pack them in packages for herbs. This is explained by the fact that the cultivation process requires some expenses, as well as knowledge in the technology of medicinal plants production. True, when buying raw materials it is necessary to have an idea of all sorts of herbs, to exercise caution, carefully checking the collection.
Processing of raw materials
Manufacturers of herbal products should know that the quality of vegetable raw materials is determined by special GOST 24027.2-80. In addition, there are special organizations involved in the study of natural products. This is done by the State Sanitary and Epidemiological Inspectorate and the Center for Metrology and Standardization, as well as by some laboratories operating at pharmaceutical plants.
The incomplete process of processing herbs is as follows. First, the raw material is sorted and cleaned of impurities and rotten parts, and then sent to drying, which is a way of preservation. The natural method involves the placement of plants in a ventilated room in the shade.
Thus, all the active substances and its color are preserved in the raw material. For machine drying the mode is selected corresponding to the composition of a particular plant: herbs rich in essential oils, dried at a temperature of up to thirty degrees.
Signs of the end of drying is a characteristic crackling of the rhizomes, as well as the ability to rub into the powder leaves and herbs, the dryness of the flowers to the touch. In this case, well-dried fruit should not be compressed to cling to the breast.
The weight loss of the raw material is for leaves and berries - eighty, for flowers - seventy, for herbs, kidneys and rhizomes - sixty, and for bark - forty percent.
Dried plants then fall into the shredders of medicinal herbs. The size is regulated by a special screen, based on the purpose of the plant variety. For example, for baths and litter the raw material is cut into pieces not more than two millimeters, and some parts of medicinal plants generally pass this stage during processing. These are seeds, flowers, berries and small inflorescences.
Then the crushed raw material enters the mixer in which the assembly is prepared, where some components with essential oils are added to the mass of spraying, then it is dried at a temperature of about sixty degrees.
In addition to the usual shredding and mixing, there are other methods of treating herbs, such as the production of aromatic oils and obtaining dry extracts. These methods of production require expensive equipment, but they bring a good income.
Sales of medicinal herbs are usually carried out in cardboard boxes. Healing fees are packed in fifty, one hundred and two hundred grams. Cardboard boxes, as required, should be covered with parchment paper. Sometimes the grass is placed in a dual paper bag.
The raw material, not yet packed, must be stored in dry ventilated areas, at low humidity, in closed packages, paper and linen bags, boxes, boxes, covered with pure white paper, or cans.
Filling herbs is necessary only for the purpose: for example, "from a cold" or "from cough", "for a good sleep" or "for kidneys", etc. For the proper combination of herbs with medicinal prescriptions in the production, the presence of a phytotherapeutitic specialist will be required. As packaging in the initial stage of production, when there is still no income, it is allowed to use ordinary closed polyethylene bags.
Purchase of equipment
For the production of medicinal herbs, the following equipment, which is the main part of the investment: a drying machine, a mixer, a shredder, a vibration sieve and a packing-automatic machine, is necessary. Initial investment required for the purchase of equipment at medium-scale business can be about one and a half million rubles.
Staff and premises
In addition to the land intended for the cultivation of raw materials, it is necessary to have a closed room in which medicinal herbs and dishes will be carried out. It should include both the production area and the laboratory in which the formulation will be determined, as well as the quality control. In addition, a storage area is required. The total area of these premises with an average production scale should be from three hundred square meters.
The staff should consist of an operator working on the equipment, as well as at least one qualified employee with a pharmaceutical, chemical or biotechnological education. The mandatory condition for them should be strict adherence to the rules of hygiene, as well as the passage of periodic medical examination, wearing overalls.
According to the law, the production and sale of medicinal herbs are subject to mandatory licensing.
It is necessary to carry out accreditation of the laboratory, as well as certification of production with the subsequent approval of the production technology in the Pharmacy Committee and obtain permission from the SES and from the fire department.
Those who have a sale of medicinal herbs in the business plan should register the prices of their products in the Ministry of Economy and Ministry of Health. On average, for the execution of the whole package of documents, one can go to one hundred and fifty non-taxable minimum incomes of citizens.
For Russians, treatment fees are an inexhaustible tradition, so the plants themselves do not need advertising, but they still have to spend on brand promotion. The sale of medicinal herbs should be based on the popularity of one species or another. Positive factor for sales will be the production of fees in convenient and functional packaging, for example in filter bags or in small boxes.